Results from a study published in early August reconfirm the best way to prevent type 2 diabetes: healthy eating and regular exercise. However researchers also find that culturally sensitive health care would also help in preventing and controlling diabetes.
Dr. Didac Mauricio, a researcher from the Hospital Universitari Arnau de Vilanova in Spain, said “that the data from a review of eight studies showed that lower fat and higher fiber diets, combined with moderate weekly exercise, reduced the relative risk of developing type 2 diabetes by 37 percent among the 2,241 study participants who had received the diet and exercise prescription.”
This group of participants improved their blood sugar levels and lost weight, which in turn lowers the risks of developing type 2 diabetes. In another group led by Lucie Nield of the University of Teesside and colleagues in England, healthy diets rich in fruits and vegetables and lower in sugar were found to reduce the risks of developing type 2 diabetes in a moderate percentage within this group.
Moreover, the combination of education and healthy living strategies seemed to have the greatest positive impact on the health of the participants in this study. Researchers recommend further longer term studies with “more patient-centered outcome” to determine the appropriate amount of type 2 diabetes education necessary for the best reinforcement.